Kuroilers were introduced into the country from India and due to their mixed nature they bring in a lot of money due to their ability to grow at a faster rate. After its introduction into the country, many small scale farmers started rearing them however due to their ability to reproduce at a faster rate, many farmers jumped on the bandwagon and now it is a household name among many farmers in the country and the market for poultry produce. It is also commonly referred to as the improved indigenous chicken and can easily be identified due to the white spots that cover their feathers. The kuroiler hens weigh an approximate weight of 2.5kgs whereas the roaster weighs about 3.5kgs.
Kuroiler chicken breeds are reared for both meat and egg production since it is a dual breed. Kuroilers are disease resistant and can lay up to 150 eggs per year as compared to the indigenous breeds that lay about 100 eggs per year. The good thing about rearing kuroilers is that they can easily grow while feeding on only kitchen waste products and agricultural products. Some of the basic things that you need to know about the kuroiler are it is extremely poor at broodiness, has a single comb, lays brown eggs, feeds continuously and can tolerate any climatic weather. The price depends on the size of the kuroiler but it can go as low as shs45, 000 depending on where you have bought it from.
The advantages of growing kuroilers include the following
- They have a high growth rate
- Kuroilers have a cheaper production as compared to other poultry products
- Kuroilers also weigh more than the normal chickens leading to a high competition on the poultry market
- Kuroilers have an extremely high hatchability.
- They can easily survive in harsh conditions and can easily look for their own food.
The disadvantages of kuroiler farming include the following:
- There is one disadvantage of rearing broilers and this is the fact that the kuroiler hens do not hatch their own eggs and many farmers get to know this when it is too late. So in case you are into kuroiler farming, you will need to purchase an incubator to help with hatching the eggs.
Housing for the kuroilers
the poultry housing for kuroilers should be big enough and well aerated and it should also have enough security to keep the birds safe. The house should be cleaned regularly in order to avoid easy spread of diseases. The kuroiler house should also have litter on the floor but you need to make sure that you disinfect it and turn it over so that it dries and does not smell and bake.
Feeding of kuroilers in Uganda
kuroilers can easily scavenge for their own food but in case you want to use the intensive system for rearing then you will need to get a proper feeding system for the birds so that they grow up healthily Below are some of the ways in which you can feed the kuroilers if they are being reared using the intensive care system.
When purchasing feeds for the kuroilers, you need to make sure that you look at the expiry dates so that you do not buy feeds that are already spoiled. There are numerous brands of feed that are on the market and it is advisable that you buy from well-known suppliers in order for you to get genuine products. There are two stages of feeds that you can use to feed the kuroilers and these are:
- The stage one feeds is given to the young kuroilers that have just been hatched.
- The chicks that are between 5 to 6 weeks are fed on grower feeds plus other supplementary feeds from the kitchen leftovers and greens.
Kuroiler feeds should have all the nutrients in a balanced state so that the birds get all the nutrients that they need to keep healthy. Some of the nutrients that should be included in the feeds include proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, fats and many more others.
- Proteins: this is much needed for the birds to grow well and they can be got from both animal and plant sources. It is the most expensive nutrient but also the most essential one for the kuroilers.
- Vitamins: the feeds should have vitamins B, vitamin D and vitamin A. All these help in the proper growth of the kuroilers and prevent rickets in the birds.
- Fats: fats are also essential for the proper growth of the kuroilers but they should be mixed in proper portions so as to avoid too many fats since it might cause problems to the birds.
- Carbohydrates: these are also essential for the birds and they should be included in the meals provided for the kuroilers. Carbohydrates can easily be obtained from both seeds and ground grains.
Kuroilers put on weight easily because they are vigorous in searching for food meaning that they are always continuously feeding the whole day. There is a ready market for both meat and eggs from kuroilers which means that you will get your maximum profits from rearing kuroilers.